Effect of Single Superphosphate and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on Growth and Bambara groundnut
Vol.1: Inaugural Issue ; June 2019
Full original manuscript
Effect of Single Superphosphate and Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi on Growth and Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea (L.) Verdc.) Yield
TEMEGNE NONO Carine1*, GOUERTOUMBO Willy Franz1, NKOU FOH Dalida1, WAKEM Germaine-Alice1, NTSOMBOH-NTSEFONG Godswill1,3, Atabong Paul AGENDIA1, TAFFOUO Victor Desiré2, YOUMBI Emmanuel1
1Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Yaounde I, P. O. Box 812 Yaounde, Cameroon.
2Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science, University of Douala, P. O. Box 24157 Douala, Cameroon.
3Department of Valorization and Innovation, Institute of Agricultural Research for Development, P. O. Box 2123 Yaounde, Cameroon.
The aim of this study was to reduce food insecurity by improving the yield of Bambara groundnut with phosphorus fertilizer. The experiment was carried out in the field at the University of Yaounde I. The experimental design was a split plot with three factors; landraces (V1 and V2), single superphosphate doses (0, 50, 100, 150 and 200 kg P2O5.ha-1) and AMF inoculum (M0: -AMF and M1: +AMF). P2O5 doses and AMF (composites Gigaspora margarita, Acaulospora tuberculata and Glomus intraradices) significantly boosted growth (number of branches, shoot height) and yield of Bambara groundnut. The dose 150 kg P2O5.ha-1 significantly increased the yield by 100% compared to the control (0 kg P2O5.ha-1+M0) in V1. AMFs significantly increased the yield by 87.5% compared to the control in V2. P2O5 and AMF independently improved the grain yield. However, low doses of P2O5 (100 kg.ha-1) may be associated with AMF to maximize grain yield of Bambara groundnut.
Key words: Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Bambara bean, fertilizers, phosphate starvation, phosphorus.
Headlines: Introduction, Results and Discussion, Conclusions, Experimental Section, Know-How Transfer